The Ultimate Guide: What Is Artificial Grass Made Of?

Artificial grass, once a novelty in residential landscaping, has become a popular choice for homeowners, sports facilities, and urban planners alike. Its aesthetic appeal, combined with low maintenance requirements, makes it an attractive alternative to natural grass.

 But what exactly is artificial grass made of? This guide delves into the components and production process of artificial grass, shedding light on its materials, benefits, and environmental impact.


Imagine a lush, green lawn that remains perfect throughout the year, regardless of weather conditions, foot traffic, or watering restrictions. This is the promise of artificial grass, a versatile and durable solution for a variety of applications. 

Whether you’re looking to enhance your backyard, create a safe play area for children, or install a reliable sports field, understanding what artificial grass is made of can help you make an informed decision.

The Materials of Artificial Grass

Synthetic Fibers

The primary component of artificial grass is the synthetic fiber, typically made from plastic materials like polyethylene, polypropylene, and nylon. Polyethylene is the most commonly used material due to its soft texture and durability. 

This plastic is also UV-resistant and non-toxic, ensuring the grass remains vibrant and safe for extended periods. Polypropylene and nylon are used for more specialized applications, such as sports fields, where additional strength and resilience are required​.

The Backing

The backing of artificial grass consists of multiple layers that provide stability and durability. The primary backing is usually made from polypropylene, which offers a strong base for the fibers.

This layer is then coated with latex or polyurethane, securing the fibers in place and adding water resistance. Polyurethane-backed grass tends to be more durable and is often used in high-traffic areas​ 


Infill is an essential component that supports the grass fibers and helps them stand upright. Common types of infill include sand and crumb rubber. Sand infill, such as Envirofill, is acrylic-coated and offers antimicrobial properties, making it ideal for playgrounds and pet areas.

Crumb rubber, made from recycled tires, is frequently used in sports fields due to its excellent shock absorption and impact resistance​.

Production Process


The production of artificial grass begins with the extrusion of synthetic fibers. Plastic pellets are melted and extruded through a dye to create fibers, which are then stretched and cooled. This process enhances the strength and flexibility of the fibers​ 


Once the fibers are ready, they are tufted into the primary backing. Tufting involves threading the fibers through a backing cloth using needles, similar to how a sewing machine works. This creates a carpet-like structure with rows of fibers secured in place​ 


After tufting, the artificial grass undergoes a coating process where latex or polyurethane is applied to the backing. This step ensures that the fibers remain securely attached and enhances the durability of the grass. The coated grass is then heated to cure the backing, completing the production process​ 

Implications and Broader Impact

Environmental Considerations

Artificial grass offers several environmental benefits. It reduces the need for water, pesticides, and fertilizers, contributing to water conservation and decreasing chemical runoff. However, the production and disposal of synthetic materials raise concerns about environmental sustainability. Advances in recycling and the development of eco-friendly materials are ongoing efforts to mitigate these issues​ 

Usage and Benefits

Artificial grass is widely used in residential lawns, sports fields, playgrounds, and commercial landscapes. Its durability and low maintenance make it an attractive option for high-traffic areas and regions with extreme weather conditions.

 Additionally, modern artificial grass can closely mimic the appearance and feel of natural grass, providing aesthetic and functional benefits without the associated upkeep​ 


Artificial grass, made from a combination of synthetic fibers, durable backing, and supportive infill, offers a practical and visually appealing alternative to natural grass. Understanding what artificial grass is made of can help you choose the right product for your needs, whether for a backyard, sports field, or commercial space.

 As technology advances, the production and environmental impact of artificial grass continue to improve, making it a sustainable choice for the future.

Considering artificial grass for your next project? Explore the high-quality options at Ben Turf to find out what artificial grass is made of and how it can transform your space.